Laravel 5 - How to create API Authentication using Passport ?

By Hardik Savani | May 9, 2017 | | 231115 Viewer | Category : PHP Laravel JSON JWT


In this tutorial, We will lean how to build basic web services authentication in Laravel 5 application.

In today, API as also know as Web services. Web services very important when you are create web and mobile app developing. You require to create API for you mobile application developer. As we know laravel is more popular because of creating API. But if you are starter and you don't know what is api and web services, then you are a right place. In this example i will show you how to create very simple api and authentication.

Laravel introduce Passport package for api authentication. Passport package through you can make authentication using OAuth2, JWT etc. In this example we will use Passport Package for user auth via api.

You have to just follow few step to get following web services.

1)Login API

2)Register API

3)Details API

Above three api through you can simply get by following few step. It is from scratch so just follow bellow step, at last i attach screen shot of api test.

Step 1 : Install Laravel

In first step, we require to get fresh Laravel application using bellow command, So open your terminal OR command prompt and run bellow command:

composer create-project --prefer-dist laravel/laravel blog

Step 2: Install Package

In this step we have to laravel/passpor package for passport method so one your terminal and fire bellow command:

composer require laravel/passport

After successfully install package, open config/app.php file and add service provider.

config/app.php

'providers' => [

....

Laravel\Passport\PassportServiceProvider::class,

],

....

Step 3: Run Migration and Install

After Passport service provider registers, we require to run migration command, after run migration command you will get several new tables in database. So, let's run bellow command:

php artisan migrate

Next, we need to install passport using command, Using passport:install command, it will create token keys for security. So let's run bellow command:

php artisan passport:install

Step 4: Passport Configuration

In this step, we have to configuration on three place model, serviceprovider and auth config file. So you have to just following change on that file.

In model we added HasApiTokens class of Passport,

In AuthServiceProvider we added "Passport::routes()",

In auth.php, we added api auth configuration.

app/User.php

<?php


namespace App;


use Laravel\Passport\HasApiTokens;

use Illuminate\Notifications\Notifiable;

use Illuminate\Foundation\Auth\User as Authenticatable;


class User extends Authenticatable

{

use HasApiTokens, Notifiable;


/**

* The attributes that are mass assignable.

*

* @var array

*/

protected $fillable = [

'name', 'email', 'password',

];


/**

* The attributes that should be hidden for arrays.

*

* @var array

*/

protected $hidden = [

'password', 'remember_token',

];

}

app/Providers/AuthServiceProvider.php

<?php


namespace App\Providers;


use Laravel\Passport\Passport;

use Illuminate\Support\Facades\Gate;

use Illuminate\Foundation\Support\Providers\AuthServiceProvider as ServiceProvider;


class AuthServiceProvider extends ServiceProvider

{

/**

* The policy mappings for the application.

*

* @var array

*/

protected $policies = [

'App\Model' => 'App\Policies\ModelPolicy',

];


/**

* Register any authentication / authorization services.

*

* @return void

*/

public function boot()

{

$this->registerPolicies();

Passport::routes();

}

}

config/auth.php

<?php


return [

.....

'guards' => [

'web' => [

'driver' => 'session',

'provider' => 'users',

],

'api' => [

'driver' => 'passport',

'provider' => 'users',

],

],

.....

]

Step 5: Create API Route

In this step, we will create api routes. Laravel provide api.php file for write web services route. So, let's add new route on that file.

routes/api.php

<?php


/*

|--------------------------------------------------------------------------

| API Routes

|--------------------------------------------------------------------------

|

| Here is where you can register API routes for your application. These

| routes are loaded by the RouteServiceProvider within a group which

| is assigned the "api" middleware group. Enjoy building your API!

|

*/


Route::post('login', 'API\UserController@login');

Route::post('register', 'API\UserController@register');


Route::group(['middleware' => 'auth:api'], function(){

Route::post('details', 'API\UserController@details');

});

Step 6: Create Controller

In last step we have to create new controller and three api method, So first create new directory "API" on Controllers folder. So let's create UserController and put bellow code:

app/Http/Controllers/API/UserController.php

<?php


namespace App\Http\Controllers\API;


use Illuminate\Http\Request;

use App\Http\Controllers\Controller;

use App\User;

use Illuminate\Support\Facades\Auth;

use Validator;


class UserController extends Controller

{


public $successStatus = 200;


/**

* login api

*

* @return \Illuminate\Http\Response

*/

public function login(){

if(Auth::attempt(['email' => request('email'), 'password' => request('password')])){

$user = Auth::user();

$success['token'] = $user->createToken('MyApp')->accessToken;

return response()->json(['success' => $success], $this->successStatus);

}

else{

return response()->json(['error'=>'Unauthorised'], 401);

}

}


/**

* Register api

*

* @return \Illuminate\Http\Response

*/

public function register(Request $request)

{

$validator = Validator::make($request->all(), [

'name' => 'required',

'email' => 'required|email',

'password' => 'required',

'c_password' => 'required|same:password',

]);


if ($validator->fails()) {

return response()->json(['error'=>$validator->errors()], 401);

}


$input = $request->all();

$input['password'] = bcrypt($input['password']);

$user = User::create($input);

$success['token'] = $user->createToken('MyApp')->accessToken;

$success['name'] = $user->name;


return response()->json(['success'=>$success], $this->successStatus);

}


/**

* details api

*

* @return \Illuminate\Http\Response

*/

public function details()

{

$user = Auth::user();

return response()->json(['success' => $user], $this->successStatus);

}

}


Now we are ready to run our example so run bellow command ro quick run:

php artisan serve

Now, we can simple test by rest client tools, So i test it and you can see bellow screen shot for login api.

Login API:

Register API:

Now, we will test details api, In this api you have to set two header as listed bellow:

'headers' => [

'Accept' => 'application/json',

'Authorization' => 'Bearer '.$accessToken,

]

So, make sure above header, otherwise you can not get user details.

Details API:

I hope it can help you....



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